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Is consciousness a gradual phenomenon? How conscious is conscious knowledge in the artificial grammar learning task?

 
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Instytut Psychologii, Uniwersytet Jagielloński
Studia Psychologiczne 2014;52(1):5–20
Publish date: 2016-02-18
KEYWORDS:
ABSTRACT:
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the awareness of knowledge acquired in the artificial grammar learning task is gradual, i.e., if it is possible to differentiate different levels of consciousness (as measured with intermediate scale points between scale extremes). We applied four different measures of subjective awareness: rule awareness scale, confidence ratings, post-decision wagering scale, and feeling of warmth scale. We calculated correlations between awareness rating and classification accuracy. Then, we analyzed distributions of participants’ responses frequency, interpreting the results as an index of gradualness of consciousness. To foster easier discrimination of intermediate steps between full conscious and unconscious processing, all scales were used in a continuous form. The results show that the awareness of knowledge acquired in the artificial grammar learning task is gradual. Continuous form of the scales reveals results comparable to those observed with the classical versions (binary or four-point scale). However, continuous scales seem to be less resistant to noise.
eISSN:2300-8520
ISSN:0081-685X